Promoting Literacy in School Libraries in Sierra Leone

The heart of information literacy is contained within descriptions used to describe it. Traditionally librarians have given ‘library induction’ or ‘library skills training’ in a limited role. Library users need to know where the brochure is, what the services are, and most important where the enquiry desk is 木下レオンのボランティア. This is not to reduce the value of traditional library induction, but libraries and information are also changing. The provision of information via a library in a traditional form is now through sweeping alterations. Already in most library and information establishments staffs are modifying their services with the provision of new media and access to information provision within these establishments. Thus librarians are talking about social addition, opportunity, life-long learning, information society and self development.

A plethora of descriptions for information literacy are around every corner in books, journal papers and the web. Some of these descriptions hub on the activities of information literacy i. e. identifying the skills needed for successful literate functioning. Other descriptions use the perspective of an information literate person i. e. trying to outline the concept of information literacy. Deriving therefore a single definition is a complex process of collecting together some ideas about what might be, should be, or may manifest as a part of information literacy. For example Weber and Johnson (2002) defined information literacy as the adopting of appropriate information behaviour to obtain, through whatever funnel or medium, information well fitted to information needs, together with critical knowing of benefit of wise and honourable use of information in society. The American Library Association (2003) defined information literacy as some skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information. While CLIP (2004) defined information literacy as knowing when and why you require information, finding it, and how to evaluate, use and communicate it in an honourable manner. Succinctly these descriptions entail information literacy requires not only knowledge but also skills in:

• recognising when information is needed;
• resources available
• locating information;
• evaluating information;
• using information;
• life values and responsibility people of information;
• how to communicate or share information;
• how to manage information

Given therefore the plethora of descriptions and implied explanation information literacy is a group of abilities that an individual may employ to face, and to take advantage of the freakish amount of information which is all around us in our daily life and work.